A] Sleep Apnea: The Causes and Risk Factors:
Sleep apnea can be caused by various factors that affect the throat muscles and surrounding tissues, making it difficult to breathe when a person is sleeping. Listed below are causes and sleep factors that can lead to sleep apnea.
Causes & Risk Factors For Sleep Apnea:
Obesity can lead to the accumulation of fatty tissues in the neck and tongue area, which can obstruct the airways.
According to an NCBI Study, men are more likely to develop sleep apnea compared to women.
The risk of sleep apnea increases with age.
People with a family history of sleep apnea can be more susceptible to developing sleep apnea.
Nasal congestion can obstruct nasal passage, increasing the risk of sleep apnea.
Smoking can cause inflammation and lead to fluid retention in the upper airway, increasing the risk of sleep apnea.
Consumption of alcohol and other sedatives can relax your throat muscles, interfering with breathing during sleep, causing sleep apnea.
People who have medical conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease are more at risk of sleep apnea.
Sleeping position, especially sleeping on your back, can increase the chances of developing sleep apnea. This position can cause the tongue and soft tissues to collapse, obstructing the airway.
Types Of Sleep Apnea:
Central Sleep Apnea (CSA): Central sleep apnea is a sleep disorder caused when the brain fails to send proper signals to muscles that control breathing during sleep. CSA is often associated with medical conditions such as heart failure, stroke, or neurological disorders.
B] Snoring: The Causes and Risk Factors:
Snoring can be caused by a variety of factors that can cause the vibration of respiratory tissues and airways. Snoring and sleep apnea share a lot of common causes and risk factors, including obesity, ageing, gender, genetics, alcohol and sedatives, nasal congestion, and sleep position.
The primary difference between snoring and sleep apnea is that snoring can cause sleep apnea. This means those who snore are more at risk of developing sleep apnea. However, not everyone who snores will develop it. This is why you need to get in touch with an expert sleep apnea specialist in Mumbai, who can help diagnose if your snoring is more than what it seems.
Let’s take a look at some differences that highlight how sleep apnea and snoring differ from each other.
C] Sleep apnea Vs Snoring: The Differences Between Snoring and Sleep Apnea:
1. Loudness and frequency of sound:
The loudness and frequency of the sound produced while sleeping is one of the important factors that can help answer your question, “Is snoring the same as sleep apnea?”
When snoring, a person makes a low to moderate level of sound that can often be described as a rumbling or vibrating noise that is consistent throughout the night. In contrast, people with sleep apnea produce loud and disrupted snoring sounds followed by periods of silence and interrupted breathing.
2. Breathing pattern:
Breathing pattern is another factor that can help you differentiate between snoring and sleep apnea. While snoring, a person continuously breathes, whereas, with sleep apnea, the person may experience complete or partial airway obstruction. The obstruction can lead to episodes of interrupted breathing. This can last several seconds and may also result in a drop in blood oxygen level.
3. Health implications:
While this factor may not directly help you identify if you have sleep apnea or snoring. The health implications of both sleep apnea and snoring are vastly different.
Typically, snoring can be addressed with a few lifestyle changes and some expert-recommended snoring exercises. However, chronic snoring can lead to poor sleep quality and an increased risk of heart disease and stroke. Sleep apnea, on the other hand, is a serious health condition that can lead to high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, daytime sleepiness, cognitive impairment, and accidents.
4. Diagnostic tests: